Classical Athens to Modern One

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“Just as eyes are trained to astronomy, what are the ears to perceive the movements of harmony.” This quote belongs to the Athenian philosopher Plato, who possesses the highest figure in his time in the town that gave birth to democracy. The ideas around an architecture of parameters studied and balanced for a time in which the sage lived with Socrates and Aristotle differentiated way. This moment marks the zenith that Greece has had in its history, more refreshing than any other and that the Roman empire for centuries used this extension to the thinking in the West.

In these days of apathy the Athenian capital stretches slowly, but steadily. It is the epicenter of thinking, knowing and dedicated to the daily lives of its inhabitants, totaling nearly four million. Byzantine conquests enriched the past despite the political struggles that still exist between Turkey and the country and around the city today is a mixture of survival, rundown myth, and racial variety.

The desire to discover what lies beneath the ruins in  Athens  is a constant traveler who gets surprised by the way the most advanced social thought public education participates in the elitism of the port of Piraeus or small restaurants of the low of the Acropolis.

The first thing the visitor, a lover of the classical past of the city should do is make a booking in the Plaka. The hostels in  Athens , located in the winding streets of the place, offering access to the ancient Greek  city  and revolve around 10/15 Euros.

Then our meeting will begin with the city. The metro network (single ticket 0.80 EUR), tram and bus service is remarkable and is the best option (even reach the city from the airport) to scroll. To delve into classical  Athens , we know that we will move one or two areas where the development of our legs is important.

The pedestrian zone is around the Acropolis has an area of over three miles. By acquiring entry (General 12 EUR, Sundays and students free) walks around the ancient Agora and the Temple of Olympian Zeus by it would be advisable to begin the journey to reach the top of the polish (the acropolis). The vision of the Parthenon, the Temple of Athena Nike and Erechtheion (adorned with the rostrum of the caryatids) will be our reward in addition to the magnificent view it gives us the rise of the Gulf Sarano. On the hill, we will run into the theater where playwrights Aeschylus, Sophocles and Aristophanes premiered many of his works, the Theater of Dionysus.

The agora to which we referred earlier, and whose function was public communication among its inhabitants, is the valley between the Acropolis and the hill of Philopappou. The latter is the eponymous name funerary monument that we cannot ignore.

In the current political  center  of  Athens  are Plato’s Academy, reconstruction of Théophile Hansen in 1887 as a library, and the National Archaeological Museum (EUR 7 general admission, free EU student). Parts like the funeral mask of Agamemnon or the Zeus of Artemision are headquartered in place, althoughm ost of the city’s treasures were looted in the colonial period and taken to other cities. See, for example, the headquarters of the Elgin Marbles, the British Museum in London.

XXI century Greeks were aware of being the origin of language, culture and pace of life, but today nothing extrapolated. The appointment of Socrates “I am a citizen, not of  Athens  or Greece, if not the world” would be understood today pursuant to globalization, but not in the sense that the teacher of Plato meant to express universal ideas a  city  and country, classical  Athens  and Greece in half the world.

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Short Course on Houses – Covering The Basics

Top Reasons to Hire a Real Estate Agent

We live in the time of do-it-yourself projects. The internet has given us a seemingly boundless reservoir of information, which makes it easier than ever to search for what we need to know to conduct just about everything all by ourselves. Because of this, when it comes time to buying or selling homes, most people ask themselves if engaging the services of a real estate agent is really worth it. A quick search online is sure to flood you with tips that suggest otherwise. However, the process of buying or selling a home is typically something that should not be managed alone. Here are some of the benefits of hiring a real estate agent.

Network of Professionals

Real estate agents have worked with other professionals before, many of whom offer services that you will need to employ yourself (e.g. electricians, general contractors, plumbers). In view of legal liability, many agents will be reluctant to recommend a specific person or company over another, but they have some experience with which service providers have a reputation for efficiency, competency and competitive pricing. They can, nonetheless, provide you you a list of references of companies with whom they have worked and provide background information to help you make an informed decision.

Save Money

Price is clearly a deal maker or deal breaker when it comes to finding a real estate agent to help you sell or buy a house. Nevertheless, if you elect to forgo hiring a real estate agent solely just to save a dollar now, you may not be able to gain as much in the long-term when it comes to delivering the results you originally expected. Remember that it is about value, not cost. Selling a property may turn into a very complex and specialized process. It is not for amateur and unreliable seller!

Fight to Get the Best Price

Ask potential agents which homes they have sold in your area, how they will market your home, what their fees entail, and how quickly their last 5 to 10 listings sold. Look up customer reviews. Do not trust agents who will lock you in for 6 months with a listing contract. Above all, select an agent who will fight to get the price that’s best for you, not the one that’s easiest for her.

Increase your Home’s Resale Price

Along with displaying a clean home, there are many enhancements that can be added to a home that will increase its resale price. A reliable real estate agent can give you suggestions regarding this.

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News For This Month: Homes

Choose the Best Real Estate Agent from Among the Rest

You might be unsure why you must find a real estate agent; after all you can always find information online. But the truth is, there is a variety of good reasons why you have to.

For starters, agents are very familiar with all the technicalities of selling homes that you do not have to bother yourself with. They can tell the time-wasters from prospective buyers who come out to inspect your home, guide you on its value, and have solid knowledge about the real estate market as well effective networking and bargaining skills. If you think all of these agents are there to make the highest amount of money as they can and on the soonest possible time, think again.

So, what steps should you take when finding the perfect agent to promote your home?
Pay attention to listing signals nearby. Those that swiftly disappeared did so because their agents have quickly carried out the job.

At the same time, you can try probing printed adverts where real estate agents promote the property together with themselves, or visit ‘open house’ events that are organized by some agents. Or search online for agent’s websites and checkout those you like.

Rumor is a great advertisement and if you are fortunate enough to have family or friends who have worked with some real estate agent before then work on their recommendations. Recommendations like these are particularly useful if somebody you know has purchased in the area where you would like to live, or bought a similar kind of property that you would like to have yourself.

It is actually a sensible idea to look for a real estate agent who is dedicated to the type of property you desire, whether or not you have some personal recommendation.

There is a variety of specializations that real estate agents concentrate on. Senior real estate specialists work particularly with clients who are older, while others concentrate on environmentally friendly properties.

You might want to hire someone who is associated with the National Association of Realtors. This makes him/her a realtor, and it means that he/she has to adhere to the ethical code as well follow specific guidelines of professionalism set by the NAR.

Consult several agents ahead of choosing one, and try to locate some clients to ask them regarding their experiences. When talking to prospective agents, inquire about their background, experience,how long they have been in the business, their specializations, and how are they going to assist you in your search. Tell them the sort of home you wish to purchase along with your budget.

Follow these suggestions, give a little consideration into the entire process, and you will find that finding the right real estate agent is rather a simple business.

The Essentials of Tips – Getting to Point A

Why Internet Marketing Matters

Marketing is something that should be conducted in each and every organization, doing so makes sure that you have the ability to make sure that your brand can be recognized and also make sure that you have the ability to make a change within the market, that is, by providing your clients with quality products. Therefore, the chosen means of marketing will make sure that you can be able to attain some organizational growth, meaning, you should be able to make sure that you have known of the best marketing channels, that is, the best means of making sure that your clients can know about the business and also the products being provided.

You get to find that most of the consumers nowadays are on the internet, almost everyone knows how to make use of the internet thus even being able to shop for their products from there, making use of the internet will ensure that you do know of the best means of making sure that the clients can learn more about the brand, more so, you will make sure that they are contented. More so, you get to find that the use of the internet resources makes sure that you will be able to interact with your clients, doing so will ensure you do know what it is that they expect from the organization and also ensure that you can provide them with what they would like thus satisfying them.

To best conduct internet marketing, get to put into consideration the use of websites, doing so will necessitate having to look for the best domain host, doing so will ensure that you have the ability of finding someone who can be able to host your website without any problems, more so, it will be able to ensure that you can be able to have a dedicated space for your products only. Meaning, your clients will always have an easier time getting to know about your products, likewise, they will be able to get more information from the website such as how the products get to be or even how the brand came to be, doing so will ensure the client can get the story behind it.

More so, when getting to conduct internet marketing, you need to familiarize yourself with search engine optimization, it will get to make sure that you can gain a larger audience thus being able to gain more clients in no time, therefore, what you will have to do if not familiar with it is to look for a consultant. Getting to look for a consultant makes sure that you will be able to make use of all the internet marketing strategies, meaning, you will be able to create more awareness and also have a competitive advantage.

On Pianos: My Experience Explained

Why Hire Someone Else to Move Your Piano?

When it’s time to move your piano, the first thing that you think of is that it’s a quite mundane job that you can do on your own. You just have to call in some friends or maybe your neighbor to help you grab and lift the instrument and take it to a moving truck waiting outside. But while you haven’t done it yet, you have to know at this point that it’s a very bad idea and plan to try to move your piano on your own.

One thing you have to understand about moving a piano is that it never is something similar to moving the usual stuff like furniture and appliances. It is a distinctive task because a piano is heavy and fragile at the same time. So if you have any plans of doing the moving without any professional help, the possibility of failing is almost certain.

There are two very good reasons why you should consider hiring a piano moving company to do it instead. Now let’s figure out what those two reasons are.

1 – You avoid the possibility of injuring yourself in the process.

This definitely and without a doubt the most obvious reason why hiring an expert in moving a piano is the smartest decision you can make. There really is a very big chance you’re likely going to get yourself injured if you do it on your own. Of course, the exception to this is if you are a professional piano mover yourself. However, that’s highly unlikely considering you’re here reading this post about professional piano moving companies.

Obviously, hiring a professional moving company is the best decision because they have a team of people that are experienced and skilled enough to handle even the most fragile things like a piano, making sure they get to their destination in perfect condition. Additionally, these companies always arm themselves with the proper equipment and tools to guarantee that there will be no possibility of errors that could lead to damaging the piano.

2 – They’re about making sure your piano is in safe hands all the way.

Because there are companies that make a living and profit in offering services like moving a piano, it’s the best proof that this type of a job is something that never is considered doable for a typical homeowner. Well, it actually is quite possible to do it on your own, but the difference when you decide against hiring a pro is that you never will get the guarantee of avoiding any damage to your piano and any other thing that come within the path of transportation. The one thing you need to avoid is getting your piano damaged, because once it gets even the smallest dent, its aesthetic value will definitely be decreased.

So if you really don’t want to regret it later on, you must be more than willing to spend a little dime on hiring a professional piano moving company.

Getting Down To Basics with Services

The Advantages of Internet Marketing

Internet marketing draws the creative and technical aspect of the internet together. Aspects such as design, development, advertising and sales, and the techniques used in Internet marketing such as search engine marketing, email marketing, affiliate marketing, online advertising and more recently, social media marketing methods as employed in blog marketing, and viral marketing. Internet marketing is defined as the process of building, growing and promoting a business individual or organization through any online activity including websites, blog sites, article marketing, press releases, online market research, email marketing, and online advertising.

To be able to fully understand the huge benefits offered by the internet marketing, we have to compare it with the offline marketing methods. However, we have to remember that even though internet marketing has a lot more to offer than of the offline marketing, one is not a replacement for the other. Marketing, either online of offline, plays a very important role in the future of any business. Now, let us talk about the benefits the internet marketing has to offer.

The internet can be used freely by everybody where the information is shared freely to anyone interested in it, that is why the overall internet marketing strategy cost is relatively low. Offering expertise in the various marketing techniques in service and resources will accumulate a big portion in the budget of internet marketing. Just like how search engine optimization plays an important role in the positioning of a web site in search engine rankings and the larger organizations will often employ the services of a search engine optimization company to carry out this duty. There are also internet advertising agencies that are available to manage the online advertising in all aspects. Overall, the cost on internet marketing is definitely much lower than the cost of a similar offline marketing strategy.

Organizing the internet marketing activities is easy because you can work it with just a laptop computer. The process of communication are basically made through online contact forms, email or instant messenger, and payments for items such as web site hosting, internet marketing software tools and resource fees can all be paid online using a credit card. One of areas of internet marketing which is the website design and management can easily be managed using a laptop computer. With a laptop computer which you basically can move from one area to another, means that internet marketing duties can be carried out from any location and the officers can work in a simple home office or even when away from home.

Furthermore, internet marketing still has a lot to offer but generally, the strategy is all round as a system of promoting any business, recreational or personal projects across the Internet.

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6 Facts About Services Everyone Thinks Are True

Digital Marketing Tactics for a Small Business A digital marketing plan is a crucial aspect of the whole marketing plan of a business, whether the business is online or offline. The same is true for companies, especially small companies. Small business marketing may include a number of offline local marketing strategies but should include considerable digital marketing efforts to ensure success and maximize sales in the present economy. A small company that is running almost all or all its business on the internet must use a digital marketing strategy that’ll help it be known by website visitors. There are some vital online marketing strategies that can be useful to a small business. Some of them suit local, offline businesses and others are ideal for online businesses.
The Ultimate Guide to Services
SEM
Interesting Research on Tips – Things You Probably Never Knew
This marketing tactic is crucial for small businesses. It lets them compete with bigger companies by building visibility in a variety of search engines. As people search for products both offline and online through search engines, it’s important for your business to rank well in search engine results for words associated with your services or products. Professional online marketing agencies offer these services through SEO, or search engine optimization. Marketing through content This method involves providing clients with more information about your product/service, aside from general information. Since everyone is working hard to sell, those that can provide more information have a better chance of making sales. Customers will associate a business with some degree of competence, and this makes the customer more confident. A few years ago, content marketing was typically done through guide books and printed brochures, but these days, it may be carried out through articles as well as other forms of info on a business’s website. Email marketing This internet marketing method is essential for small business locally or on the internet. Email marketing basically involves compiling a list of existing and prospective clients. This list of emails and names contains individuals who have interest in your business. This is true since they have decided to join your list on their own. You probably gave them updates about your products as well as coupons to join. Your list becomes more valuable as it grows. In fact, many digital marketing experts consider email marketing as the most critical digital marketing method in the long-term. Social media advertising This marketing strategy can be challenging. Everybody talks about social networks, but to be honest, it can be tricky for companies to use social media in their business. The form of media to use, and how to utilize it, depends on one’s kind of business. All in all, the most critical aspect of using social media in your business is to strengthen your client base in order to get repeat sales.

How MTV Got Started and How it Has Influenced Television Today

For many young adults, they can never imagine life without computers, music video production and reality television. Many of these things got it’s start in the 1970’s or even later. This article will discuss the history of MTV, or the music television channel that has become a staple of cable television for many households with teens or young adults. Today’s youth are much more tuned into various types of media outlets using their computers or phones to see videos on Facebook, vimby preditor, Twitter and YouTube. It all started in 1977 with a small cable TV network that had a show called Sight On Sound in Columbus Ohio.

This show was a new concept as a music channel that featured concerts as well as music oriented TV programs. It was the first two way cable TV program where viewers could call in and vote for their favorite song or artist that was being shown on the program. This cable network also had other programs like a children’s show but the one that really became popular was the music channel. Viewers had never been able to see a concert or see a band interviewed on TV before unless they went to a concert themselves so it was a great new concept. With this increasing popularity, the network changed their format in 1981 to be called MTV-music television.

The original idea of MTV was to model it after the top 40 radio shows, putting on the best pop rock bands at the time. Instead of having a disc jockey like they did on the radio, they hired several young hip hosts to introduce the videos and called them VJ’s as in video jockeys. Some of these original VJ’s on MTV ended up being celebrities in their own right from the enormous amount of exposure that they got from being on MTV at the start.

Because music videos started out as just someone recording the band playing music, many film directors got involved and started creating a much more elaborate concept for the videos. They took a song and made almost a small movie type of clip that told the story of the song. This is how many of these film directors that went on to be quite famous got their first start, making music videos. With the increasing popularity of this channel and the new wave of music videos playing in the early 1980’s, the network created the MTV Music Video Awards in 1984. This was a way for the music industry to showcase some bands in a more hip and alternative way than the Grammy’s offered.

MTV soon started adding other types of shows on the channel like animated cartoons for the adolescent and young adult crowd, and they were the first ones to have a reality show creating the concept of the Real World where they had several young adults live together and have their lives filmed while adjusting to each other and a new city. MTV pioneered many of the popular shows that young adults continue to watch today.

Athens – Ancient Athens

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Let us try and bring to mind a picture of  Athens  as the ancients might have known it, drenched in diaphanous light, its arid mountains protecting it from the north winds and harsh weather, with the beauty of the Acropolis thrown into relief by the sun and the delightfully modest houses at the foot of the great rock. An  Athens  free of noise other than the voices of children and pedlars in the narrow streets. An  Athens  to be dreamed of.

That’s what it must have been like in the Age of Pericles, when the city was already very ancient. Research shows us that the area around  Athens  has been inhabited since the neolithic age, as testified to by artifacts found in wells near the Areopagos (Mars’ Hill) on the south side of the Acropolis, and in the Agios Kosmas peninsula near Alimos. The original inhabitants were then joined by waves of new settlers, Carians, Leleges and finally Pelasgians, mainly tribes of IndoEuropean origin. The intermingling of all these peoples contributed to shaping the Hellenes, with their contradictory temperament and frequent conflicts.

Sometime around the late 9th or early 8th century BC, Hesiod and Homer gave us the first myths, exaggerated, heroic tales which provided a glimpse of the kind of society where everything was dependent on an unknown divinity. During subsequent generations, these gods and heroes underwent many sea-changes in the service of local, often political needs. Myth may be a wonderful depiction of the world but it was also the easiest way for simple people to learn about their history. Thus the early inhabitants believed that their leaders-who sometimes took peculiar forms-were descended from the gods. Even their names can be explained in the light of societal needs.

Then gradually, over a period of time, the leaders ceased to be supernatural, and began taking on more human dimensions. And the people themselves, as they acquired knowledge of the outside world from the sea routes, stopped being afraid of the otherworldly and began to wonder about the world. It is a fascinating experience to watch myth evolving hand in hand with the development of a people and to discern historical truth through an imaginative construct.

Thus Kekrops and Erichthonios, the first kings of  Athens , were strange creatures, half-man and half-snake, whose form portrayed how they had sprung from the Attic soil. Kekrops had brought in master craftsmen, the Pelasgians who, having built a strong Acropolis, stayed on to settle round it. Names ending in -ttos or -ssos appear to have been Pelasgian, such as the Ilissos, Kefissos, Hymettos, Lycabettos, Ardettos; they are all geographic landmarks (mountains, rivers) which remain prominent in the topography of  Athens  up to the present day. Likewise, it was Kekrops who selected the goddess Athena as protector of his city, after whom he named it. It should be noted that some scholars believe the name of the goddess to have been derived from the Egyptian word aten.

With respect to Erichthonios, mythology provides us with a number of illuminating details. It is said that Hephaestos, the lame blacksmith of the gods, wanted to join in union with Athena, the great goddess of knowledge, but she drew back from his loving embrace and the divine seed fell on her legs. She then rubbed her leg with a swatch of the wool she was spinning and threw it to the ground. But whereas Athena refused the seed of the god, the Earth received it and thus did Erichthonios spring forth.

The Athenians always had a particular affection for their founding father in his snakish form: they built him an exquisite temple, the Erechthion, which priests made sure was constantly supplied with offerings of honey cakes. In some myths, Erichthonios is called Erechtheas; in others Erechtheas is the grandson of Erichthonios and in a third version, Erechtheas has come from Egypt. Perhaps all these versions represented attempts to explain the successive waves of colonists inundating the Aegean during those turbulent years.

If we seek to unravel the threads of the myths, then the truth emerges in all its radiance. The name of Erichthonios shows us his origin: eriochthon means wool-earth, i.e. born of the earth and from it. His descendants intermarried with peoples from Thessaly whose genealogical tree shows their founding father to have been Prometheus. He was the wise Titan who gave mortals the gift of fire, i.e. the light of knowledge-previously the exclusive realm of the gods or perhaps of some priestly brother hood- and for this reason was cruelly punished on a rock in the Caucasus.

It was Prometheus’ son Deucalion and his wife Pyrrha who brought the human race back to life in the mountains of Thessaly after the great flood. His grandson was Hellene. Today we know that the Indo-European Aryan tribes, after discovering the use of metals somewhere in the Caucasus, learned to craft strong weapons. Some tribes spread out into central Europe and the Balkans, some remained to take advantage of the good grazing lands while others pressed on southward.

The initial root began to put forth many branches as Hellene, grandson of Prometheus, had sons who were quite different one from the other. There were Aeolos, Xouthos and Doros, who gave their names to Hellenic tribes in later years. Xouthos, which means “the fair”, was quite distinct from the early Athenians who had the darker skin of the Aegean peoples. He was to marry Kreousa, the granddaughter of Erechtheas: their children were named Achaeos and Ion, the forefathers of the later Hellenes. Another variation of the myth had Ion as the offspring of Apollo’s secret liaison with the same princess. This detail helped advance the mythic cycle from the primeval, with its demonic forms of nature, evolving into humanized deities like Apollo who led man to thought, poetry and philosophy.

Many modern historians believe that the later Hellenes came from Pindus, on the border between Thessaly and Epirus. This fits in admirably with the Attic myths about the genealogy of their kings and the various intermarriages, documenting the arrogance of the ancient Athenians toward the other inhabitants of the region, since from the very outset, gods would frequently come down and intermingle with the mortals, lending a divine dimension to many conjugal dramas.

We know that the first inhabitants of the Attic earth were cultivators, but its poor, arid soil made them turn toward the sea. The story of Theseus who volunteered to go to Crete and kill the Minotaur, delivering  Athens  from the terrible annual tribute of youths sent to feed the insatiable monster, may perhaps be telling us about the Athenians’ first great campaign at sea and their independence from a ruling naval power.

From then on, Theseus never stopped traveling, like all those who, having once experienced the vastness of new horizons, could never thereafter remain closed within narrow confines. He went with the Argonauts to the Pontus (Black Sea), fought against and defeated the imperious Amazons, winning their queen, and taught the spoiled Centaurs a hard lesson in good behavior. But he also took care of his own region, joining together little individual townships into a large and powerful confederacy, with temples in which gods and ancestors were worshiped and with a citadel for security against jealous neighbors.

Theseus was possibly a historic figure who, over the passage of centuries, has become wrapped in the glory of myth to serve domestic expediencies and presented as the scion of the divine race of Ion. A hero who was also a demi-god was always more impressive than just a worthy leader; the inhabitants of the city favored with such a leader would feel special and try to emulate him. Thus the descendants of the first Athenians began their fearless exploration of the sea. As they succeeded in guaranteeing their livelihood, their numbers grew; they learned, became wealthy and expanded their activities around the Mediterranean coasts, creating bridgeheads of commerce and free thought. The colonizers of the east side of the Aegean were called Ionians; and it was there that the ideas of philosophy, the principles of human rights, ethics, metaphysics and the harmony of the universe were born.

Economic ease created a new order of things. Until then, the head of the largest family had been king; but when other men gained power through trade, they too claimed the right to a voice in government, thrusting aside the custom of the hereditary monarchy. A special place was needed for the exchange of commodities and this was how the Agora (market) grew up. The meetings of the local people with strangers made it necessary for them to learn how to develop convincing arguments; from this need sprang the art of rhetoric.

The interests of the people had to be protected. As there were already a great many people, the proper role models had to be found on whose example they could shape their behavior, which at its most sublime moment, led to the formulation of laws by Solon the Sage in the 6th century. Developments in the administrative system were accompanied by cultural progress. The local clay was used to make ceramics which, while initially serving the needs of daily life, soon became objects of trade and then developed into works of art, since men, having assured themselves of the necessities, now sought the beautiful. Athenian potters began producing enormous grave amphoras with austere ornamentation, dominated by Greek key designs and shadowy figures. Black-figured vases were the next phase, with their stylized silhouettes; these evolved into the marvelous red-figured vases which sometimes bear the craftsman’s name under vivid compositions depicting moments from the lives of gods and men.

The gods were worshiped in stately stone temples decorated with marble statues that replaced the earlier idols. The myths became overlaid by a multitude of heroic details, as gods and mortals alike came alive in a new form of ceremony which took place in the theater. Meanwhile, more and more Athenian ships were sailing to and fro in the Mediterranean, carrying new developments and provoking envy in other lands which rapidly turned into the desire of foreign leaders for conquest and expansion. The result was the Persian wars at the beginning of the 5th century BC.

The decisive military confrontation at sea and  Athens ‘ defeat of the Persians in the battle of Salamis, promoted  Athens  to a position of foremost power and intellectual leader over the other Hellenes, much to Sparta’s great annoyance. The Athenians, having acquired the social comfort that accompanies economic prosperity, had by then developed the versatility of thinking people with freedom of opinion and political views. On the contrary, the strapping sons of Sparta remained products of a rigid military education and attitude. Thus, when the gold-bedecked invaders, decimated and in tatters, retreated back into the hinterlands of Persia,  Athens  justifiably assumed a position of preeminence, achieved greatness which culminated in the classical age, and produced works of eternal beauty which have remained vital until the present day. It caused the historian Thucydides to prophesy that if ever the two great adversaries  Athens  and Sparta were someday lost, everybody would know where  Athens  had been by its wonderful monuments whereas Sparta would have left not a trace to remind people of its once great power.

These wonderful monuments were what roused military Sparta’s ire and ultimately led to the armed confrontation. Like all civil wars, the Peloponnesian War was devastating and, unbeknownst to anyone at that time, it signalled the beginning of the end for the proud  city  of  Athens . This was a slow decline which lasted for centuries; it saw insults and passions, tyrannies and uprisings, flaming rhetoric and objections; it saw  Athens  yielding to the Hellenes of the North, the Macedonians, and finally its subjugation by the Roman legions. All this occurred in the shadow of the Parthenon, at a time when the theatres continually presented works by playwrights whose names would become renowned throughout history, and when Athenians would gather under the colonnades of the Agora to listen to the wandering philosophers and discuss the current political situation.

The Christian religion which was slowly spreading hope of deliverance among oppressed peoples, began to gain followers while the philosophical schools were still full of young people seeking enlightenment on questions of rhetoric, the written word and even theology. One of the most famous students of these schools (4th century A.D.) was Julian, later the Byzantine emperor who came to be known as the Apostate because of his attachment to pagan religion; others were Basil of Caesarea and Gregory of Nazianzus, future Fathers of the Church. The philosophical schools of  Athens  functioned until the 6th century, at which point Justinian closed them by decree, perhaps because freedom of philosophic thought conflicted with the dogmatism of what had become the state religion. At this point,  Athens  entered the Dark Ages.

Deprived of its intellectual nourishment, the city was gradually forgotten, destined to continue its progress through time as an insignificant village, the roads of which were studded with pieces of marble from statues that had been smashed by fanatics remembering the heathen past of this once-great city. It was this past that made the official Byzantine state neglect the birthplace of art and beauty, which they regarded as a dangerous incitement to those who tended to disagree with the medieval terms of immortality. The religious exaltation of the period could in no way be reconciled with the frivolity of the ancient gods and thus Christianity’s fight for dominance was a tough one without concessions or exceptions.

In the 13th century, when the Crusaders transferred their need for expansion to the East, thinly disguised under a veil of religion, knights who had been excluded from the division of the conquered lands fanned out over the Aegean and around the coasts snatching land by brute force. During the years that followed, the Franks and Catalans established their principalities in Attica and fought to keep them safe from the rising power of Islam. All during this time, the few remaining residents of  Athens  were simply struggling to survive, as they sank ever deeper into the lethargy of illiteracy, poverty and obscurity. The rest of Europe welcomed the educated Byzantines who had fled after the fall of Constantinople (1453), and this infusion of new culture helped push forward the Renaissance, contributing substantially to what we now know as Western civilization. But at that time, this forgotten corner of the earth was not even called Hellas, even though from time to time, travellers would fill tour journals with notes about the monuments, carved stones and inscriptions they had seen on the ground along the pathways of Attica.

It was these descriptions which awakened the memories of Hellas and soon the travellers would start coming in earnest to look, dig and depart in order to send others in ever greater numbers. The Ottoman conquerors, gazing down indifferently from the heights of the Acropolis, where they had established themselves for security reasons, looked condescendingly upon those who came to do research, while the suspicious local population tried to make some money by helping those people whom they, in their ignorance, termed “silly strangers”. In the mid- 18th century, lists had already begun to circulate around Europe of the most significant Greek monuments; some of these lists were even accompanied by drawings. By the early 19th century a few collections of the plunder had already been established.

The French Revolution brought a different atmosphere to the intellectuals of Europe. Liberty, Equality and Fraternity became accepted values. Romantic verses by Lord Byron brought back to the Western mind the memory of Hellenic culture associated with this part of the Balkans, rather than the Greece that had become known through the wealthy Greek merchants in various cities of Europe. Thus the news that the Greek War of Independence had been proclaimed fell on fertile ground and the voice of the enslaved Greek nation was heard once again after centuries of silence, inspiring artists to paint episodes from the desperate struggle waged by the few descendants of the heroes of Marathon and Thermopylae. The scene depicting a mounted, turbaned warrior fighting against an impassioned footsoldier. In his fustanela inspired a sense of heroism and the confrontation between life and death, as well as awakening feelings of anger against the oppressors and support for the oppressed.

In June 1822, the Greeks captured the Acropolis and made it their command post, while the struggle continued with an uncertain outcome on all fronts. Five years later, Kiutahis Pasha had recaptured the citadel in a last ditch effort to suppress the revolution. But the Great Powers of the times formed an alliance -either because they wanted to bow to public opinion or because they were counting on gaining influence in the new independent state in the strategic Mediterranean region, or because they regarded the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire as inevitable-and in the decisive battle of Navarino, it was they who administered the final blow to the Sultan, which gave Greece her freedom.

As soon as it gained its independence, the newly constituted state became an apple of discord for European politicians, while the dusty village of  Athens  was, as a matter of courtesy, designated capital. Still reeling from their bloody fight and from the heady feeling of freedom, the Greeks were struggling to rediscover their identity, and at the same time to wipe out the taint of slavery. They wore European clothes, avoided the brigand-riddled mountains and began building mansions that resembled their monuments. The simple people were awed by the fact that their huts had been built on the settlements and graves of their forefathers and began to be aware of themselves as constituting part of a long, unbroken chain. They all started tearing down, clearing away, digging up and restoring. At last, the Attic earth was ready to surrender its treasures and ideals to humanity.

It was in this way that Greek archeology, the new science of antiquities, was born.

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Latin American IT Leader Grupo PISSA Takes Major Steps Toward 2017 Goals

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

MEXICO CITY — Grupo PISSA, one of Latin America’s leading information technology (IT) specialists, reported on recent results and early progress toward its strategic goals for 2017. With major clients including Grupo Modelo, Nestlé, and Volaris having renewed contracts in 2016, Grupo PISSA also took on a number of new customers like AXA Seguros, Banamex, Dell, and Seguros Monterrey. Having laid out a number of ambitious goals for the year to come, the Grupo PISSA management board is confident that the company will finish 2017 in an even stronger position.

“2016 was an exciting, productive year for us, and 2017 is looking to be even more significant and positive,” said Grupo PISSA founder and Director General Luis D. Barrera Gonzalez, ISC, “With many new clients coming aboard last year while we renewed relationships with existing ones, Grupo PISSA has grown rapidly in recent times. We believe that the strategic plan we laid out in December is going to help us become an even more capable, responsive, and valuable partner to our clients, while also allowing us to give back to the community even more. We’re proud of what we’ve accomplished and looking forward to the work to come.”

For over twenty-five years, Grupo PISSA has been one of Latin America’s leading IT service providers and consultants. Now encompassing four companies that combine to cover all of Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central America, grupo pissa provides advanced IT solutions that are always tailored to each client’s specific needs.

From December 19 through 23, Grupo PISSA leaders convened to put the final touches on the company’s official strategic plan for this year. That road map will see Grupo PISSA focusing on new opportunities for cross-selling its services as it also prepares to release a revolutionary software platform aimed at transforming the logistics and warehousing markets. The Grupo PISSA board has further tasked the company with achieving double-digit growth through 2017 by building up its sales force and strengthening relationships with existing clients.

On another front, the company’s strategic plan will see it redoubling its efforts to hire and retain the most talented IT professionals in the industry. With grupo pissa management recognizing that the consistent quality of the company’s human resources has been a key enabler of its successes and growth, new initiatives for 2017 will see more staff members seeking and acquiring in-demand certifications for project management skills, scrum expertise, and the industry-standard ITIL approach to IT service management.

Finally, taking on even greater corporate social responsibility will be another priority for Grupo PISSA throughout the coming year. As one of Mexico’s most consistently engaged and generous IT specialists, grupo pissa always seeks ways of giving back to the communities it participates in, becoming an even more responsible steward of the environment, and otherwise making a positive difference. Those interested can learn more about recent developments and stay up to date at the Grupo PISSA website at www.grupopissa.com.mx.

About Grupo PISSA:
Offering a full range of top-quality information technology services to clients throughout Latin America, Grupo PISSA always strives to exceed expectations and deliver solutions that help improve the bottom line.

Source: http://markets.financialcontent.com/mi.theolympian/news/read/33596668/Latin_American_IT_Leader_Grupo_PISSA_Takes_Major_Steps_Toward_2017_Goals